Climate change is dramatically affecting the Mediterranean Sea, which is warming at a rate 20% faster than the world’s average. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), despite the nature-based solution they offer to support efforts towards climate change adaptation and mitigation, are the first ones to feel the climate change effects. Several Mediterranean MPAs are already facing major biodiversity and functional alterations due to climate change, whereas others will likely face them in the next few decades. There is, therefore, an urgency to mitigate these risks and to consider adaptation options in partnership with local communities, decision-makers, civil society organizations research bodies, and other socio-economic actors at local, national and regional level.
Monitoring Climate change-related responses in the Mediterranean
Global warming is having observable effects on the abundance, distribution and survival of living organisms worldwide, with serious consequences on the functioning of coastal ecosystems and the services that they provide to our societies. These effects are particularly alarming in the Mediterranean Sea, which is warming faster than the global oceans.
Documenting these changes is a key task to support Integrate Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) and to inform maritime spatial planning (MSP).
The MPA Engage project encourages the use and dissemination of monitoring protocols, which can be shared, downloaded and printed for the needs of every Mediterranean MPA.
Read here more information about the first five monitoring protocols.