What we do

Monitoring Climate Change in Mediterranean MPAs

Adaptive planning requires specific arrangements for evaluating Climate Change impacts. Now, Mediterranean MPAs can join to a common and collaborative monitoring effort based on a series of standard protocols. MPAs work together for the same goals, adding value to existing monitoring practices and building a common and consolidated strategy to track climate change effects in the Mediterranean area. The engagement of local stakeholders is another key ingredient in some of these methodologies,, ultimately preparing for a world of global ecological change.

Five of these protocols (Garrabou et al., 2018)  https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/176395, have been successful implemented by previous Interreg Med experiences (MPA Adapt project). See also https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/gcb.14670

Other five protocols will be provided by MPA ENGAGE

Our Monitoring Protocol

PR 1. MONITORING TEMPERATURE CONDITIONS 

Originally developed by the T-MEDNet initiative and adapted for the purpose of the project MPA-Adapt. Videotutorial: http://t-mednet.org/observation-system/videotutorials

PR 2.  MASS MORTALITY ASSESSMENT AND MONITORING 

Originally developed for the project Seawatchers and adapted for the purposes of the project MPA-Adapt. Videotutorial: http://t-mednet.org/observation-system/videotutorials


PR 3. LEK-1: EXPLORING LOCAL ECOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE TO RECONSTRUCT HISTORICAL CHANGES

Originally developed by the CIESM project Tropical Signals and adapted for
the purposes of the Interreg project MPA_Adapt, with the contribution of FAO projects AdriaMed and MedSudMed. Videotutorial: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AX-_RSJXkm0


PR 4. LEK-2: EXPLORING LOCAL ECOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE FOR PERIODICAL MONITORING Conceived for the purposes of the MPA-ADAPT project and capitalizes the experience and scientific discussions made through the FAO projects AdriaMed MedSudMed projects. 


PR 5. FISH VISUAL CENSUS OF CLIMATE CHANGE INDICATORS 

Adapted from a previous version developed by the CIESM project Tropical Signals for the MPA_A>DAPT purposes. Videotutorial: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b7gYYg4n7SE


Vulnerability Assessment

We help Mediterranean MPAs to assess their ecological and socio-economic vulnerability to CC impacts.

We use an indicator-based approach, combining ecological exposure with ecological and social sensitivity to climate change, and with the adaptive capacity of stakeholders (e.g. artisanal fishers, recreational divers, etc.). 

Our main steps and tasks are : 

• gather info on habitats and species that tipfy the MPAs, 

• select target habitat and species on which the vulnerability assessment will be performed. 

• identify relevant CC  indicators (e.g. abundance of thermal sensitive species, phenology, etc.)

• identify and select target socio-economic actors on which vulnerability assessment will be based. 

• identify social indicators, user groups and their exposure and dependence on the MPAs

• identify adaptive capacity indicators of the user groups

• perform an expert evaluation of the above mentioned indicators 

• elaborate the collected information and indicators for vulnerability assessment in each MPA

The methodology is designed to be reproducible and replicable in other Mediterranean MPAs

Participatory approaches with key stakeholders

We enhance capacities of QUINTUPLE HELIX actors of ICZM to strength coordination for monitoring on Climate Change through approaches favouring stakeholder engagement. A series of participatory oriented meetings and workshops with stakeholders will take place in each MPA. The operational know-how of the project will be capitalized and transmitted to key coastal actors in order to develop an extremely robust and resilient strategy for success. 

Trainings, twinning and sata sharing are the main activities. It will exploit, improve and upscale the achievements of previous initiatives and expand the project results by transferring the methodologies, lessons learnt towards the whole Community of Med MPA.

 

Learn more at

 

https://www.interregeurope.eu/fileadmin/user_upload/tx_tevprojects/library/file_1536063863.pdf

 

https://innovation-entrepreneurship.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/2192-5372-1-2

Citizen Science

Civil society will be actively engaged in documenting climate change effects on marine biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Based on the many citizen science initiatives involved into the project (e.g. SeaWatchers, Reef Check Italy) we will promote citizen-generated observations on climate change effects in marine coastal ecosystems. 

Validated observations supported by pictures and videos related to the climate change mainly shifts in species distribution, invasive species and mortality outbreaks will be promoted by social networks, targeting specific communities of sea users. The involvement of partners such as DAN europe and a consolidated collaboration with PADI will provide the best asset to engage recreational divers.

 

Links

 

Seawatchers

https://www.observadoresdelmar.es

 

Reef check Mediterranean

https://www.reefcheckmed.org/

 

DAN

www.daneurope.org/home

 

Join our FB page Oddfish

www.facebook.com/groups/1714585748824288/